Cilacap station

Cilacap Station is the southern end train station in the Operation Region 5 Purwokerto and is the last train station at Maos-Cilacap line. In the beginning, this station was built as the transport facility of agricultural goods of forced planting in Wonosobo, Purworejo and the surrounding areas to Cilacap harbor in order to be sent to outside Java Island until Europe. Later in 1879, train company Staats Spoorwegen (SS) built 187 km Cilacap - Maos - Yogyakarta train network to facilitate sugar transportation from the factories in Yogyakarta.

The agricultural goods trading was continuously developed so the construction of train line was continued by train company Serajoedal Stoom Tram Maaschappijj (SDS) to Maos-Purwokerto, then to Purwokerto-Sokaraja until Wonosobo which was finished by 1917. Besides that, Dutch colonial government also built southern-cross line Cilacap-Surabaya in 1875-1888. However, in the Japanese occupation (1942-1945) some of the lines were closed and the railways were destroyed. The building of Cilacap Station damaged and rebuilt into the building with a newer style in 1943 and it remains preserved up to now. Thomas Nix was redeveloped it. Until now, Cilacap Station mainly serves freight train, Purwojaya passenger train line with Jakarta Gambir direction and Logawa feeder passenger train with Jember direction.

Cilacap Station is one side station where the emplacement placed at one side of the building and the entrance at another side. Cilacap Station building is a relatively simple shaped, that can be seen from front area as the main building with flat roof and a control tower at one of its end. Building facade is dominated by a series of free high rise columns unattached to the wall which provides grand impression of this simple station. Simple building is the characteristic of modern architecture which was popular in the beginning of 20th century focusing on function and tenacity of the building ornaments. Ornaments or decorations of the building with modern architecture style are located mainly on line-area composition of the column elements, door, window and other opening areas.

Front part of Cilacap Station building which is simple and glorious with the series of free rise vertical columns is ended by strong horizontal roof line. The existence of tower at one of the ends strengthens the identity of this station.

Vertical line of the columns has strong impression which supports the weight of flat roof creating functional and well-arranged rhythm. The stand firm columns provide glorious impression.

Platform and apart of emplacement at one side of the main building covering with width span saddle roof with steel vaulting horse and concrete column construction. Free column with octagonal profiling produces a proportion with a light and efficient impression.

Platform is also functioned a spacious waiting room. It can be seen that wall is not as structural area but merely as wall. The painting of half part of the wall creates a proportional impression towards the openings (doors, windows). For addition the effect of artificial light at night at the emplacement creates a nuance and a unique quality of charm.

The well-arranged ticket windows are meant to organize the queuing, divided by iron fences with floor patterns to limit the queue. The entrance door with the measurement of one passenger is well-arranged. The color of the wall creates comfort effect.

 
  Copyright © 2010 - Conservation and Heritage Center, Indonesian Railways
 
Photo's Courtesy KITLV, The Netherlands
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