Jakarta Kota station


Jakarta City Station is known as Beos which stands for Bataviasche Ooster Spoorweg Maatschappij (East Batavia Train Company). Another name for Jakarta City Station is Batavia Zuid which means South Batavia Station. This name emerged because at the end of the 19th century Batavia had a station-Batavia Noord (North Batavia which is located in the south of now Museum Sejarah Jakarta). North Batavia at the beginning was an Netherland Indische Spoorweg Maatschappij (NIS) company and was a terminal for Batavia - Buitenzorg (Jakarta - Bogor), which in 1913 was sold to the East Indische government and was handled by Staats Spoorwegen (SS).

Initially, Batavia Zuid was built around 1870, later it was closed and in 1926 to be restored again as can be seen as the building present now. The renovation was finished on August 19, 1929 and was formally used on October 8, 1929.  The inauguration ceremony was done in a great manner with the planting of a cow by Governor General Jhr. A.C.D. de Graeff who was in power in Hindia Belanda from 1926-1931.

Jakarta Kota Station was a masterpiece of work by Frans Johan Louwrens Ghijsels a Dutch architect born in Tulungagung September 8, 1882 who was famous with his saying; Het Indische Bouwen — a mixture of western modern technique and structure with local traditional shapes. With thick art deco wrapping, Ghijsels design seemed simple although it has a high taste. According to the ancient Greek philosophy: "simplicity is the short way to beauty".

Jakarta City Station is a two-storey station which surrounded by streets at its three sides with one main entrance gate and two side entrance gates. Jakarta City Station main entrance gate can be recognized by its barrel-vault roof with openings horizontally composed with the top dominated by vertical units (lunette).

The platform uses a frame roof of butterfly shed with a support profiled- steel column is used at this station. The inside wall of the hall was finished with brown ceramic with rough texture. Whereas the outside wall at the bottom of the whole building was covered with green-yellowish plaster. The station floor uses yellow teak and grey wood, and for the platform floor yellow waffle teakwood is used.

The barrel-vault roof used by Jakarta City Station can be seen clearly at the main hall with the front height of the barrel-vault directed lower. The inside of the hall was finished by brown rough ceramic texture. The biggest opening is at the lunette which functions as window. Lunette semicircular bow-shaped with vertical opening unit as many as seven is located at the main lunette.

The opening door of Jakarta City Station is shaped as a result of using the supporting column roofs (canopy) resulted in its own mass unit. The organizing of the part around the opening uses Gligree on top of the door, waffle teak wood at the bottom wall and additional door functioning as a wind door.

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Photo's Courtesy KITLV, The Netherlands