Solo Balapan station


Solo Balapan station building consists of two emplacement or railway parks, south and north. The south railway park consists of five railways and the north railway consists of seven railways. The south railway park is used for the train passengers while the North railway park is for the goods train.

Solo Balapan north station was built in 1870 by the train company of the Nederlandsch Indische Spoorweg Maatshappij (NIS) on Mangkunegaran palace site. This station is one of the oldest biggest stations in Indonesia after Semarang Tawang Station. The south station building was designed by Herman Thomas Karsten, a famous Indische architect in 1927.

The north railway park was built earlier and designed as a log building with a pyramid roof without space at its called sofi - sofi. In the centre of the long building is the main building which functioned as the arrival place for passengers and the station administration office with different dimension so that it looks like a tower. This tower has a shape of roof which took the inspiration of local roof with two fold slopping which are different and it finalized with ornament at the top roof. That is the characteristic of the Nieuwe Bouwen style which is combined with local element, seen clearly at the railroad platform construction roof and the proffle shape made on the pilasters.

The south railway park is a new building with a building design — a combination of local and modern architecture. The building consists of three parts: a drop-off canopy which is a new addition, the hall with ticket windows and administration office, and the railway park building. The hall building is designed with a three-tiered parallel roof—a non local architecture characteristic. While the shape of the drop-off canopy roof is similar to the large structure hall adopted from local architecture. The railway park is a long-stretch building with a saddle roof and steel structure.

The north railway park building has a Nieuw Bouwen characteristic combined with local elements. The entrance gate, hall and administration office is in the centre shaped like a tower so it becomes the vocal point on this building.

The series of columns at the north railway park form a tone. It based on a continuous observation and a certain process which is moving towards the arousing of the beauty of the object.

The shape of separate opening wall between the railway platform and the waiting room at the railway park using cornice ornaments is a kind of design to create harmony. The imitation light from the lamps on the ceiling of the railroad platform at night creates an atmosphere which causes an architecture work becomes more beautiful.

The three-tiered layer roof in pyramid shaped shaded the main building of the south railway park in which the rooms underneath it is the hall and ticket windows. The high pillars soaring up at the top of the roof functions not only as a symbol of the main building but also as a lightning rod.

The structure and construction of the cover of drop-off canopy roof is shaped dangling from iron materials as their frame and galvanis zinc as the cover.

One of the applications of the symmetrical composition can be seen from the series of windows found at the top of the corridor building, which functions as a place to observe the train movement.

  Copyright © 2010 - Conservation and Heritage Center, Indonesian Railways
Photo's Courtesy KITLV, The Netherlands