Ambarawa station

Ambarawa Train Station in the beginning was a station named Willem I Station built by East Indische Colonial Government on May 21, 1873. This station was named after the king of Dutch who was in power at the time because the building was based on political consideration.

At the operational time in the Dutch colonialism, Willem I Station was used as public transportation facility to serve passengers and transport agricultural goods around Central Java. The specialty of this railway track line was the used of special rail-track for the train with rack rail system which was used to pass over the slope upwards hills. However, in 1976 PJKA (Perusahaan Jawatan Kereta Api = Railroads Company) was forced to terminate the operational of this station and the surrounding lines. From that time, Ambarawa Station has been used as Train Museum and in 2002 Central Java Government revitalized this old station.

As museum, Ambarawa Station stores at least 21 ancient locomotives producing in 1891-1928. One of them is the CC50 locomotive made by Schweizerische Lokomotiv und Maschinenfabrik Winterthur, Swiss and Werkspoor, Dutch which at its victorious time was called Berkoningin or 'mountain queen' because that 1927 locomotive was the most skillful loco using in the upward and zigzag mountainous hills. Among the ancient loco collections there are two loco which can be used as tourist train i.e. rack rail system steam trains B25 02 and B25 03 produced by Germany.

Visiting this Ambarawa Train Museum, we will be served by the grand building of Dutch architecture. The main building station is in the form of width-spread steel structure with high roof looks like hangar which covering the platform and a brick wall building which used to be as head station room and waiting room.

The open and fast array platform provides spacious impression which indicated mature consideration at the design stage as the public facility in the tropical climate condition.

The beautiful building which was shown through geometrical ornamentation in the form of list and molding from brick-layered was stuck on to the wall and framed at every door and window. An ornamentation style inspired from European style popular in the middle of 19th century. At the left and right of the building are the open and spacious platforms with original and fully maintained tile floor provides wide impression which indicated good consideration at the design stage as public facility in the tropical climate condition.

Window and door geometrical compositions produce beautiful and properly arranged rhythm with line elements as list and molding from brick-layered which at the same time provides unity nuance.

The steel columns construction which supports hanger saddle roof construction with canopy used to cover emplacement. On top of canopy there is glass areas functioned as light sources.

The room which was used to be a VIP waiting room is now functioned as warehouse and display room for train tools such as signal controller tool, ancient telecommunication tool, and so on.

 
  Copyright © 2010 - Conservation and Heritage Center