Pekalongan station

Pekalongan is a trade city which has a significant role in the trading industry in Central Java. Fishery is the main commodity in the region and transportation becomes an important factor which can support the trading activities. The situation is supported by a harbour which is called 'Boom' in Dutch as the biggest fishery harbour in Central Java. This is also true because of the existence of the biggest fish trading industry area in which other transportation modes are needed to distribute the commodity to the other regions such as cars, and trains. Besides, batik is also the big commodity in Pekalongan city.

Pekalongan Station was owned by Semarang - Cheribon Stoomtram Maatschappij (SCS) in 1919. The front view of Pekalongan Station is dominated by saddle roof, where the space in between the roof is meant as a ventilation so that the space underneath is comfortable. The additional canopy as the main entrance differentiates the circulation between incoming and out-coming passengers.

Pekalongan station which is located at Gadjah Mada street, western part of Pekalongan is a one-side station in which the position of the emplacement is located alongside the station building. Over time, the station building has undergone several restorations and changes, including additional building facilities at the western part which is meant to be the business areas, toilets, and travel agents space, as well as the increase floor of the specific rooms to avoid flood because of the tidal wave. The restoration and improvement represent the effort of station building preservation as the asset and part of the history of trains in Indonesia.

Pekalongan Station Building has a form and simple architecture which consists of main building, emplacement, and supported facilities. The main building is length in shape with a wood frame structure forms a three-layered saddle roof which covering hall, station head room, ticket windows, and waiting room which all of them are linearly placed with the emplacement. Emplacement building is wood structure with a unique roof-truss construction formed roof width-span frame covering emplacement consists of platform and two railway tracks. Whereas supporting building in the form of small house with saddle roof which used to be a warehouse to store agricultural product is now used as line controller room.

Emplacement building is a width roof-truss structure which covering platform and two railway tracks. In front of it is the supporting building which is now functioned as line controller room. Platform floor has been elevated to 60 cm to avoid tidal wave which in recent years has reached station area.

The inside building is spacious because of its wave steel width roof with unique wood-vault construction which is also functioned as aesthetic elements which provide room nuance. The elevated platform floor also provides accessibility into the train.

The series of wood columns as a support of the main building structure with a high stone foundation which functioned to avoid humidity from soil and flood tidal water as it the functioned of cement layer and rough gravel at underneath wall. Hole likes small window used to function as ticket window and the ventilated window is never been open anymore because of the use of Air Conditioner inside the room.

Column construction is made of three logs of wood which is united by bolt and steel plate. The use of three logs of wood is meant to maximize the endurance of the column towards the load of roof truss.

The details of wood-vault construction in the form of technical mixture of wood logs which is crossed-section altogether become aesthetics elements.

 
  Copyright © 2010 - Conservation and Heritage Center