Solo Jebres station

Solo Jebres was built in 1884 by the Dominion of Surakarta Governor through East Indische Staats Spoorwegen (SS). Now Jebres Station is one of the main station for economic passengers transportation to Jakarta dan Surabaya and as a cargo train to several cities and also as one of the destination stations for tourist to Solo.

The station location is in a strategic area in the centre of the city with a dynamic city growth so that the government directly determined Solo Jebres Station building as a culture natural preserve place. Solo Jebres Station can be used as an object and interesting place for tourist due to its uniqueness beauty and uniformity. At this station, a lot of revitalization has been done, which did not change anything, but the change will return Solo Jebres Station to its old nature when it was used by the Palace dominion.

The style of the architecture of Solo Station building is Indische Empire with a facade rich in details influenced by neo classical style. The building is symmetric stressed on the main gate part with a raised roof had a different processing of facade. In the centre part which is the main attention, the building character is shaped by a triangle facade from wall toward a saddle roof ornamented by cornice at the bottom; two lunettes or up stair windows and two doors—all curved-shape. The symmetric composition of the elements creates a grant impression added by detailed bars at the door with an Art Nouveau nuance added by placing lines of list on the wall. An addition of canopy is a sign for an entrance.

The arch on each opening strengthened with moulding profile in the shape of a bow- colored red maroon as contrasted with the pink wall. The ventilation above the doors or windows for natural weather is beautiful by the iron bars with Art Nouveau pattern or a series of boards with traditional nuance. Repetition use of the curved shapes with similar distance strengthens the rhythm factor on the composition as a whole plus the unified colors used will create harmony.

In the inside building, the rich composition of element building can still be seen using the same processing, although only the main door is shaped curve, while the other doors are shaped with cornice molding. The bottom of the wall is lined with ceramics to make maintenance easier and the floor is covered with white ceramics.

Detailed moulding curve above the doors and windows and Corinthian columns are the Neo-classical styles. The Art Nouveau bars and the contrast coloring made the station building seem rich and detailed.

Solo Jebres station originally had a branch line to Solo Kota (Sangkrah) station. But unfortunately, the line is now closed due to poor maintenance. Another reason behind its closure is due to the fact that parts of the rails had been stolen, or covered with asphalt.

before revitalization

after revitalization

The Solo Jebres station is marked as historical building by the Government of Solo city due to its architectural, historical and cultural value which illustrates the life in Solo during its construction. In the future Conservation and Heritage center - PT Kereta Api Indonesia (persero) revitalize the building in order to be utilized for academic and economical purpose. It is hoped that such move would motivate the local people and government of Solo to materialize “Solo’s past is Solo’s future” program. The academic benefit is that it would be used for science research for historical, archeological, architectural, geography, geology, and other purposes. While the economic benefit is that it could be used as tourism object due to its beautiful and unique structure, aside of the usage for artistic commerce and trading space.

before revitalization

after revitalization

In 2010, Conservation and Heritage center allocate budget to revitalize Jebres station. The fund is used to repaint the wall with white, grey, and mixture of green and prada, as well as returning the tiles to its original style. The project aim is not the change, but to return it to its original design, like when it was used by Kasunanan Royal Palace.

 
  Copyright © 2010 - Conservation and Heritage Center, Indonesian Railways
 
Photo's Courtesy KITLV, The Netherlands
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